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  1. Geography

  2. History

  3. 7 Climate zones

  4. Population of Ecuador

  5. Economy

  6. Smallest OPEC country

  7. World largest Shrimp production

  8. Flowers important export product

  9. Important tourism destination

  10. Capital and Old Town Quito

  11. Colonial Old Town Cuenca

  12. Indigenous Market Town Otavalo

  13. Ingapirca

  14. Crucero Train

  15. Central Andes Valley

  16. 51 Areas National Parks System

  17. 5 World Heritage Sites

  18. Galapagos National Park

  19. Cuyabeno National Park

  20. Cajas National Park

  21. Churute mangroves Reserve

  22. Machalilla National Park

  23. Vicuñas at Chimborazo National Park

  24. Cotopaxi National Park

  25. 75+ Museums; 40+ in Ecuador

  26. New Quito Airport Mariscal Sucre

  27. Outdoors activities capital Baños

Geography of Ecuador

With a territory of 276,841 km2, Ecuador is about the size of Colorado, USA, and about half the size of France. Compared to many other countries in South America, that is relatively small and as a result, most distances can be travelled by bus within a day's ride. Buses are inexpensive and the the more upscale services are rather comfortable. Daily flights are available to all major cities. Many cities can be traveled by plane in about 30-45 minute daily flights. This page gives you some interesting information about a variety of facts about Ecuador, its culture and principal products.


Dear visitor, our website gives you info about our National Parks Tours, our Galapagos programs, the Cuyabeno Loop, as well as our Cuyabeno  and Cofan Lodges in the Amazon.   For those who want to combine the Exuberant Nature of Ecuador with the Famous culture of Peru, we even have a 7 days Highlights of Peru extension! Here you can find our Prices. Our website gives you the best information on the internet, because we are the only tour operator run by professional biologists. There are hundreds of high-resolution pictures of National Parks and monuments of Ecuador, with thumbnails that open by clicking on them. If you love our pictures or find our info useful you can help others finding our pages too you can share them from the mobile menu bar with a


Being the second largest city of the after Ecuador's harbor Guyaquil, Quito is the main hub for travelling within the country, both by air and by bus. Quito Mariscal Sucre Airport services most major cities and provincial towns on a daily bases.


Continental Ecuador is divided into three very distinct zones, the coastal lowlands, the Andean mountains and the eastern Amazon lowlands. As the earth is somewhat wider at the equator, the distance from the center of the planet is a bit greater at the equator than at the poles. Therefore, the Chimborazo with 6,267 m above sea level, is further away from the center of the earth than the world's highest peak above sea-level, Mount Everest. The Andes Mountain Range is relatively young and characterized by high geological activity, such as frequent earth quakes, thermal springs and lots of active volcanoes. The other geologically active region of Ecuador is formed by the Galapagos Islands.


Climatically, Ecuador has 7 different climate regions, with some of the world's highest rainfall along the North-western and all of the Eastern Andes slopes to semi arid along the southern lowlands and temperatures varying between tropically hot along the coast and in the Amazon to permanently cold on the snow-capped mountains. The Central valley of the Andes is particularly comfortable with a permanently spring-like climate.  Click here for details on the climate zones and weather.


History of Ecuador in a nutshell

Advanced indigenous cultures flourished in Ecuador long before the area was conquered by the Inca Empire in the 15th century and still about a dozen languages are spoken besides the official Spanish  language and the widely spoken Inca language Quichua. For a brief period of time, Ecuador was part of the Inca empire until the Spanish overthrew Inca rule in 1533. Ingapirca, a World Cultural Heritage Site, is the most northern remaining Inca fortress after most pre-colonial buildings have destroyed by the Spanish. Much of the indigenous population was wiped out by disease brought over with the Spanish conquerors, as well as by cruel treatment as many natives were forced into the "encomienda" labor system for Spanish landlords. In 1563, Quito became the seat of a royal "audiencia" (administrative district) of Spain and formed part of the Viceroyalty of New Granada in 1717, which combined today's Venezuela, Colombia and Ecuador. During this period, many great churches were built in Quito. In 1822, the territory declared independence as Gran Colombia. In 1830 Ecuador split off from the federation. Between 1904 and 1942, Ecuador lost territories in a series of conflicts with its neighbors and several border issues remained in dispute. In 1999 all disputes were resolved after a brief border war with Peru in 1995 had set off negotiations under the guidance of Brazil, Argentina, Chile and the USA. The country now has enjoyed almost 4 decades of democracy, although civil unrest and major protests have led to the ouster of three of Ecuador's last four democratically elected Presidents. Lenin Moreno is the current president.


The Flag of Ecuador.


Population of Ecuador

The estimated 2014 population of the country is 16 million, a third of which lives in the two largest cities: capital Quito, with a population of ±2.7 million people and Ecuador's harbor Guyaquil with ±2.8 million inhabitants. The largest ethnic group are Mestizos, (mixed Amerindians and Europians), making up ±72% of the population. ±7% of the population consist of Amerindian, while people of  African descent, mainly in the provinces of Imbabura and Esmeraldas, make up ±7% of the population. The Caucasians make up ±12.% of Ecuador's population. Population growth is ±1.4%, and has mortality rate ±5 deaths per 1,000 people, among the lowest in the world. Although Ecuadorians originally were traditionally heavily concentrated in the mountainous central Andes valley, nowadays half the population Ecuador lives in the coastal plains. While still mostly rural a few decades ago, 60% of the population now lives in the cities, with Guayaquil 2.6 million and Quito 1.8 million being the largest cities, followed by Santo Domingo and Cuenca with about half a million inhabitants each. The Amazon region, commonly referred to as the Oriente (East) remains sparsely populated with only about 3% of the population.


TOP 100 INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT ECUADOR: View of Quito from the Pichincha Cable Cart

Quito is the capital of Ecuador, providing living space to about 2.7 million inhabitants.


Economy of Ecuador of Ecuador

Being the smallest OPEC country, the Ecuadorian economy is based on petroleum production, manufacturing primarily for the domestic market, commerce, and agricultural crops for both national consumption and export.  Oil exports account for 56% of all export revenues. With an annual export value of $ 2,000,000,000, Ecuador remains its leading position as banana and plantain exporter while being a major player on the world's shrimp market with and annual export value of $828,000,000 and cacao market, worth $402,000,000, flowers  and canned fish, each worth $600,000,000, and cars $375,000,000. Tourism has been steadily growing given Ecuador's Culture Facts & Tourism.


Flowers are an important export product.

TOP 100 INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT ECUADOR: Flowers are a prime export product of Ecuador


Ecuador is very rich in tourist attractions with highlights being:

TOP 100 INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT ECUADOR: Metropolitan Cathedral of Quito

Colonial Old Town city of Ecuador's capital Quito and World Heritage Site.

Historic city Cuenca and World Heritage Site.

TOP 100 INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT ECUADOR: Immaculate Conception Cathedral in Cuenca


Historical city Otavalo with art market.

Ingapirca is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

TOP 100 INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT ECUADOR: Ingapirca Temple of the Sun with inca walls

TOP 100 INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT ECUADOR: Crucero train departing from Quito Chambacalle Train Station.

With the totally restored antique train system, Ecuador has not the greatest tourist train system in the Americas!

On this page we list all 75+ museums of Ecuador, including 40+ museums of Quito, all with features, addresses and opening hours.

TOP 100 INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT ECUADOR: Golden Sun Mask Banco Central / Casa de Cultura, National Museum, Quito, Ecuador


50 National Parks and Protected Areas of Ecuador:

TOP 100 INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT ECUADOR: Map of 50 National Park and Protected areas of Ecuador


The 51 national parks and reserves of Ecuador cover almost a fifth of the territory of the country. What is so surprising though is that the majority of those parks is unknown to the public. Even  tour operators are unfamiliar with most of those parks. That is why Parks and Tribes developed the National Parks Tour to promote visitation to the national parks and reserves. Visitation is very important, because only through visitation and the tourism industry based on park visits, will the protected areas system become politically important to politicians.


Some of the best national parks:

TOP 100 INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT ECUADOR: Bartelome Island at Galapagos National Park

Galapagos National Park.

Find out why the Cuyabeno Faunistic Reserve is the best Amazon park in the world. The guides of the Cuyabeno Lodge, are widely known for the knowledge about birds as well as other Amazon Jungle Animals and Amazon Rainforest Plants.

TOP 100 INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT ECUADOR: Cuyabeno Wildlife Reserve visitors

TOP 100 INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT ECUADOR: Lake at Cajas National Park, Ecuador

Cajas National Park. Our Andes Trek, Ecuador program includes the best National Parks of Ecuador in the Andes as well as the famous cultural highlights. 

Machalilla National Park.

TOP 100 INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT ECUADOR: Tourists with Blue-footed Booby at cliff, Isla de la Plata.

TOP 100 INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT ECUADOR: Red Mangrove forests at the Padific coast of Ecuador

The best Mangrove in Ecuador: Reserva Ecológica Cayapas-Mataje.

Ecuador is positioned in the northern humid central Andes, as opposed to the Andes South of Ecuador, which are notoriously dry to deserts until the middle of Chili, where temperate and gradual polar conditions are again accompanied with abundant rain and snow.



Click on the detailed tourist map for more interesting facts about Ecuador.

The brand new Quito Mariscal Sucre Airport is the most accessible and most modern airport of all of South America. 2 brand new 4-lane highways get you in and out of Quito in 30 minutes, which is un-matched by any other national airport in South America. Accessible to the largest airplanes and fabulous arrival and departure services.

TOP 100 INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT ECUADOR: The new Quito Mariscal Sucre Airport Departure Hall

TOP 100 INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT ECUADOR: The new Quito Mariscal Sucre Airport VIP roomTOP 100 INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT ECUADOR: The new Quito Mariscal Sucre Airport shopping areal

The VIP hall at the new Quito Mariscal Sucre Airport


How far is it from:

Distances* Ecuador from town centers

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Lago Agrio


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Santo Domingo


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Cajas National Park


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Lago Agrio

Cuyabeno Wildlife Reserve


* Rounded up as the precise travel distances depend on the locations of departure and arrival.


We organize a variety of tours throughout Ecuador: Galapagos National Park, Cuyabeno Amazon visits with the best Cuyabeno Lodge rates, Ecuador Amazon Expeditions, Galapagos National Park Cruises and Ecuador Andes Treks.


For detailed information on climate and weather conditions read: climate of Cuenca, Ecuador; climate Galapagos Islands in Ecuador; climate in the Amazon of Ecuador and climate of Ecuador. If you want to learn more about the country.


PARKS & TRIBES and the COFAN LODGE have their sales office in:

Calle Mariano Cardenal N74-153 & Calle Joaquín Mancheno Carcelen, Alto Quito


[email protected]

Skype: ecotravelworldwide