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  1. Geology;

  2. Hydrology;

  3. Conservation status;

  4. What to do;

  5. Vegetation;

  6. Mammals;

  7. Birds;

  8. Other critters;

  9. How to get there on your own;

  10. Best tour.





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Conservation status



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What to do



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Other critters



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How to get there on your own




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Best tour



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East Pacific Mangrove forests

Along the Pacific coasts of the Americas, mangrove forests are rather rare, and considered as their total surface, they are extremely rare coastal forests. One finds a few small mangroves along the Mexican and Guatemalan Pacific but the first well developed mangroves are found from El Salvador to Costa Rica. From Panama to Northern Colombia, mangroves are present but only from the Middle of Colombia to northern Ecuador, again mangroves have developed to their full potentials with extensive networks of creeks and tidal estuaries. However, In Colombia, the mangrove forests along the Pacific Ocean are found on the Chocó coast, which still is part of the last FARC bulwarks! So, in reality, of all mangroves of the South American Pacific, only the mangroves in Ecuador are open to the public.


Unfortunately, many mangrove forests in Ecuador have been converted into shrimp farms, but a few are well protected, the best area being Cayapas Mataje Ecological Reserve. Not frequented as a tourist destination, there are no routine excursions, but we can organize custom trips for interested parties.


Dear visitor, our website gives you info about our National Parks Tours, Cuyabeno Loop, as well as our Cuyabeno  and Cofan Lodges in the Amazon.   For those who want to combine the Exuberant Nature of Ecuador with the Famous culture of Peru, we even have a 7 days Highlights of Peru extension! Here you can find our Prices. Our website gives you the best information on the internet, because we are the only tour operator run by professional biologists. There are hundreds of high-resolution pictures of National Parks and monuments of Ecuador, with thumbnails that open by clicking on them. If you love our pictures or find our info useful you can help others finding our pages too you can share them from the mobile menu bar with a


Map Cayapas Mataje Ecological Reserve



Ecology of Mangroves in Ecuador

Mangroves in Ecuador: Red Mangrove forest, Pacific Ocean, EcuadorMangroves in Ecuador: Conocarpus erecta Mangrove with air roots, Pacific Coast, Ecuador

Mangroves in Ecuador: Stilt roots of Mangrove forest on the coast of Ecuador


Flooded during high water, the root systems of Mangrove trees make mangrove estuaries some of the most productive natural ecosystems in the world. Ecologically, mangrove forests are considered the nurseries of the oceans!


Mangroves: Rich Fishing grounds

Mangroves in Ecuador: Fisherman throwing net in Mangrove estuary, Ecuador

Mangroves in Ecuador: White Mangrove forest at the coast of Ecuador

Mangroves in Ecuador: Fisheries in the Mangrove forest estuaryMangroves in Ecuador: Father and son fishing

Mangroves in Ecuador: Fishing in the Mangrove estuary


Laden with fine sediments, mangroves in Ecuador are extremely nutrient rich waters, which is reflected in the presence of great densities of fishes, giving opportunities to local fishing communities.


Mangroves: Low biodiversity, high numbers per species


Mangroves in Ecuador: Birding trip in Mangrove deltaMangroves in Ecuador: Brown Pelican in Mangrove waters

Mangroves in Ecuador: Birdwatching in the Mangroves of the Coast of Ecuador


Bird diversity in mangroves is not as rich as in the tropical rain forests, but the species composition is totally different, and anyone who wants a representative species list of tropical birds of South America or of Ecuador, needs to spend some time in a mangrove.

A great advantage of the mangroves is, that many of the bird species are relatively numerous and large. A trip to a mangrove may well add some 50 species to a first time visitor in a tropical country.


Mangroves in Ecuador: Mangrove trips and tours on the coast of EcuadorMangroves in Ecuador: Mangrove tour stopping at a restaurant on stilts in Ecuador

Tourism still is not well developed in the mangroves in Ecuador and conditions are primitive while arrangements are not always as punctual as one would wish. A bit of travel flexibility helps making a visit successful though.



PARKS & TRIBES and the COFAN LODGE have their sales office in:

Calle Mariano Cardenal N74-153 &

Calle Joaquín Mancheno Carcelen,

Alto Quito



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